In The News

In The News

When the Bells Ring! New Year’s Eve Firefighter Safety Tips from Chief Sam

By Sam DiGiovanna New Year’s Eve is always a special night—we gather with family and friends, and sometimes hit the town—to ring in the new year. But it’s not all fun and games. Safety is a must when participating in the festivities. Following are a few safety tips you can relate to that will help you stay safe and sound…

Supreme Court Hears Arguments in Carpenter v. United States

By Ken Wallentine Carpenter v. United States, U.S., No. 16-402, argued November 29, 2017 Justice Neil M. Gorsuch took center stage with his robust questions from the bench during arguments in the Carpenter v. United States case, the one likely to determine whether the government must obtain a warrant for historical cellphone location records from mobile phone service providers. Present…

Rear Seat Search by Law Enforcement Allowed to Gain Trunk Access

By Ken Wallentine United States v. Mirabal, 2017 WL 5761191 (10th Cir. 2017) A deputy had reliable information (a tip from other government agents) that Gabriel Mirabal, a convicted felon, had an assault rifle in the trunk of his car. The deputy saw Mirabal speeding and stopped him. When the deputy opened the trunk to search for the assault rifle,…

Top Public Safety Articles from Lexipol in 2017

From new threats such as synthetic opioids to tried-and-true challenges involving social media and use of force policies, 2017 was a busy year for public safety. And Lexipol’s subject matter experts were busy too, publishing more than 110 articles to keep you on top of the issues. We’re betting you didn’t read them all, so here’s a quick recap of…

Law Enforcement Officer's Search Warrant Illegal, Though Authorized

By Ken Wallentine Sims v. Labowitz, 2017 WL 6031847 (4th Cir. 2017) Trey Sims, 17 years old, used his mobile phone to record himself fondling his erect penis. He sent the video recordings and photos to his 15-year-old girlfriend. Sims indubitably hoped the girlfriend would safeguard the images; however, the girlfriend’s mother had a peek—enter the police. A detective seized…

Law Enforcement Officer Bus Interdiction Wasn't a "Roadblock"

By Ken Wallentine United States v. Wise, 2017 WL 6030636 (5th Cir. 2017) Morris Wise was a passenger on a Greyhound bus bound for Chicago from Houston. At a regular stop, interdiction officers boarded the bus and the bus driver consented to a search of the passenger compartment. One of the interdiction officers walked to the back of the bus,…

The Most Challenging Shift You'll Work: Preparing for Public Safety Retirement

By Shirl Tyner Some people think about it from time to time. Some people dream about it. Some people can’t even imagine it. Some people already did it. What, you ask? Retirement. Are you ready? After a career in public safety, you probably have an idea of the legacy you’ve built and the effect your departure will have on the…

We've Been Here Before: The Impact of Marijuana Legalization on DUI

By Jim Concannon The United States has a history of making intoxicating substances, like alcohol and marijuana, illegal under the guise of weakening moral values. So-called moral offenses—drinking alcohol, gambling, cheating on your spouse—offend some people to the point where they feel legislation banning or restricting such activities is needed. This, of course, is how Prohibition came into effect in…

Firefighter Safety in Winter Weather: Review 2017

By Scott Eskwitt As we come into the winter months (some of you have already had snow or icy conditions), it’s a good time for fire personnel to review some Lexipol policies relevant to winter weather and firefighter safety. Winter conditions create special issues impacting operations, personnel performance and department safety. Each of these areas should be reviewed prior to…

Problems Lying in Wait: Why You Need to Take Risk Management Seriously

By Gordon Graham Gordon Graham here, and again, thanks for taking the time to read this brief piece. In my last article I introduced you to the breadth and depth of “real risk management” and why this discipline is much more than the “safety stuff.” In this article, I want to further explain why too many government organizations—including the high-risk…

In Brief: Fire Law Review Fall 2017

By Curt Varone This is the first quarterly fire law review covering some of the top legal headlines in the fire service between July 1, 2017 to October 1, 2017. Cybercasualties: Whether you refer to the problem as Social Media-Assisted Career Suicide Syndrome, or you refer to those involved as cybercasualties, there’s no shortage of content for the You Can’t…

Fire Service Communications: Is It Time to Change Your Tactical Frequency?

By Sam DiGiovanna The tones go off, and just like that we’re on our way to a reported structure fire in a commercial district with lots of dangerous, occupied facilities. Leaving the station, we see a large dark column of smoke rising rapidly into the sky. Verdugo Fire has a first-alarm response and Los Angeles County Fire sends a commercial…

Physician, Heal Thyself (a Doctor and the Gaze Nystagmus Test)

By Ken Wallentine Windham v. Harris County, 2017 WL 5245104 (5th Cir. 2017) William Windham, a medical doctor, ignored his own doctor’s medical advice to not drive and then drove his car into the rear of another car. The passenger of the car Windham struck called 9-1-1 and reported that he had been rear-ended by an impaired driver. After the…

Clearly Established Law? 10th Circuit Does About-Face; Grants Qualified Immunity

By Ken Wallentine Editor’s note: This case might seem familiar to you. It should. It was covered in Xiphos in January here. Pauly v. White, 874 F.3d 1197 (10th Cir. 2017) On a dark and stormy night, officers responded to a call of a probable drunk driver “swerving all crazy.” The complainants followed the suspect driver, Daniel Pauly, and flashed…

Lexipol Releases Largest Policy Platform Upgrade in Three Years

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:  Over 50 New Features and Improvements Increase Speed, User-Friendliness and Productivity DALLAS, TX – November 28, 2017 – Lexipol, America’s leading source of policy and training solutions for public safety organizations, today announced the latest version of its web-based development system – the largest update in three years. With more than 50 new features and system improvements,…

Strip Search Leads to Cocaine Lawfully Retrieved from…

By Ken Wallentine Cole v. Commonwealth, 2017 WL 5493894 (Va. 2017) An officer arrested Abdul Rahman Cole for a warrant. During the inventory of Cole’s car, the officer found an open alcohol container and some marijuana. When the officer told the jail’s booking deputy about the drug charge, the deputy told Cole that he had to submit to a strip…

Lexipol Introduces Policy and Training Solution for New Jersey Fire Departments

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE DALLAS, TX – Nov. 20, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) – Lexipol, the leading provider of state-specific policies and training for public safety agencies, recently announced the introduction of its Fire Policies and Training solution for New Jersey fire departments. The new service includes policy content, management and related training delivered via an online platform and mobile app. Lexipol…

Emergency Communication in the Age of Social Media

By Gary Sparger In recent years, first responders have observed an increasing use of social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter during emergencies. Whether the emergency is man-made (e.g., active shooter) or natural (e.g., hurricane or wildfire), the public uses social media to communicate with emergency responders during times of great distress. When under duress, humans tend to fall back…

Are You Biased When It Comes to Risk Management?

By Gordon Graham Editor’s Note: This article series is designed to introduce you to the concept of real risk management—an approach that goes way beyond a safety program to encompass the 10 Families of Risk and to demonstrate how better understanding these risk families can help you anticipate and mitigate the risks in your own organization. Whether this is your…

The Hidden Value of Fire Department Policies

By Sam DiGiovanna The value we place on something determines how we treat it. For instance, you probably wouldn’t give much thought to caring for an old, banged-up, no longer compliant helmet. But if that helmet was given to you by the widow of your friend who died in the line of duty, you would likely cherish it forever. Too…

Your Call: Search, Warrantless Search or No Search?

By Ken Wallentine Collins v. Commonwealth, 790 S.E.2d 611 (Va. 2016), cert. granted sub nom Collins v. Virginia, No. 16-1027 (U.S. Sept. 28, 2017) A motorcyclist on an orange and black Suzuki, modified for drag racing, eluded police on two occasions within a few weeks. During the second event, an officer abandoned the pursuit after the cyclist hit 140 miles…

If the Key Fits, Turn It? Curtilage, Home Locks and Evidence

By Ken Wallentine United States v. Bain, 2017 WL 4563821 (1st Cir. 2017) Yrvens Bain was on probation following a series of drug trafficking convictions and some prison time. Investigators made multiple controlled buys of heroin from Bain, but Bain was ultimately arrested for an unrelated fight. Upon release from jail, Bain told his probation officer that he would be…

Exigent Circumstances, the Fourth Amendment and a Doorway Arrest

By Ken Wallentine People v. Garvin, 2017 WL 4779544 (N.Y. 2017) Sean Garvin committed several bank robberies by the time police found his fingerprint on a demand note used at one of the banks. The same day investigators matched the fingerprint to Garvin, officers went to Garvin’s home. They knocked, Garvin answered the door, and an officer told Garvin that…

Qualified Immunity for Lacking Piece of Orange Plastic?

By Ken Wallentine Estate of Lopez v. Gelhaus, 871 F.3d 998 (9th Cir. 2017) In the middle of the day, two deputies were patrolling an area known for gang activity and violent crime. They saw Andy Lopez carrying what appeared to be an AK-47 rifle, holding it by the grip, with the muzzle pointed to the ground. Lopez appeared to…

Police Use of Force: Reality vs. Law

By Chief (Ret.) Michael Ranalli Editor’s note: This article originally appeared in The Chief’s Chronicle; New York State Association of Chiefs of Police. Reprinted with permission. In my two prior editions of the Chief’s Chronicle, I have explored the implications of policy modifications to the Fourth Amendment objective reasonableness standard and the possible impact of policy language and state tort…

Is It Worth It? Reflections on a Law Enforcement Career

By Jim Concannon Law enforcement is uniquely American—independent, fragmented but united in working toward a larger cause. Law enforcement officers are expected to enforce laws at the state and federal level, but also the city and county level. State and federal laws provide unity among agencies, while local ordinances and agency customs allow flexibility. Further, there is no one law…

Preventing Firefighter Cancer: 10 Takeaways from the Fire Service Cancer Symposium

By Jennifer Brust Last month, fire service leaders came together for what could arguably be called the most important conference of the year. And yet, it had no hands-on training, no huge exhibit area where companies advertised their wares, and there were no bands marching through the streets. But what was discussed over those two days has the potential to…

Imperfect Recall: How Memory Impacts Police Use of Force Investigations

By Jason Helfer Human beings, regardless of training and experience, are not robots. They have unique physical attributes, states of health and life experiences that shape the context in which they perceive their world. And police officers are human beings. A job title, training or experience does not mean an officer’s brain will process information any different than that of…

For Effective Incident Command at Fires, Avoid Early Cancellation of Resources

By Sam DiGiovanna It's time to put a stop to firefighter ED. Now that caught your attention! But the ED I’m referring to is not what you’re thinking. Phew! Instead, it’s an incident command phenomenon I’ve noticed that I’ll call Early Dismissal. I first became aware of ED as a young firefighter. It was a quiet Sunday afternoon. Football on,…

Social Media and the Public Sector: Understanding Free Speech Rights

By Rick Bates “Congress shall make no law … abridging freedom of speech.”  This quotation is from the First Amendment in the Bill of Rights. And while it seems straightforward, consider the words of Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, thought by many to be one of the finest jurists of all time. In the 1892 case of…

Cell Phone Records Locate a Real Prince

By Ken Wallentine Jones v. United States, 2017 WL 4211499 (D.C. Ct. App. 2017) Prince Jones, not a real prince of a guy, called two escorts. When they showed up, he forced them to perform sex acts at knifepoint and then robbed them. A detective obtained the victims’ cell phone records and identified the number from which Jones’ call for…

Location Information from StingRay Used to Nab Police Officer’s Shooter

By Ken Wallentine United States v. Ellis, 2017 WL 3641867 (N.D. Cal. 2017) Purvis Lamar Ellis, allegedly a member of the violent Oakland street gang “Sem City,” was arrested with three other gang members following the shooting of a police officer. Investigators used a StingRay, a portable electronic device that simulates a nearby cell tower and tracks the location information…

Standard Field Sobriety Tests Cannot Measure Marijuana Impairment

By Ken Wallentine Commonwealth v. Gerhardt, 2017 WL 4127666 (Mass. 2017) A Massachusetts state trooper stopped Thomas Gerhardt just after midnight for driving without lights. Approaching the car, the trooper saw smoke inside the car and at the side window, he smelled burnt marijuana. Gerhardt admitted to smoking approximately one gram of marijuana three hours before driving. Recreational use of…

Does Excited Delirium Create a Legal Duty to De-Escalate?

By Ken Wallentine Roell v. Hamilton Board of Commissioners, et al., 2017 WL 3864618 (6th Cir. 2017) Gary Roell had a serious, chronic mental illness. He quit taking his anti-psychotic medications in June 2013 and by August 12, 2013, he was in the throes of excited delirium. Naked, other than a t-shirt, Roell trashed his condominium and then went to…

When Law Enforcement Policy and Practice Conflict

 By Jim Concannon In 1910, Frederick Winslow Taylor developed a scientific theory about how best to improve productivity in the workplace. In his book The Principles of Scientific Management, Taylor proposed an equal division of work and responsibility between management and line-level employees. He also suggested that optimizing and simplifying jobs (specialization) would increase productivity. In 1922, the German sociologist…

Lexipol’s Gordon Graham to Keynote Below 100 Symposium

Since its grassroots founding just seven years ago, the Below 100 program has had a profound impact on law enforcement safety. By training officers on five simple tenets, the program successfully challenges officers to take individual and collective responsibility to reduce line-of-duty deaths. Typically, Below 100 programs are local or regional, but an upcoming event featuring Lexipol’s Gordon Graham is…

Beyond Hooks and Hoses: Incorporating Policy into Firefighter Training

By Bruce Bjorge  Are you training on policy? Why is this an important question for fire departments? Training on policy is an important part of organizational excellence because it helps ensure that members of our agencies are meeting organizational expectations. Stop and think about your agency’s policy manual. Generally, most of us only interact with the policy manual three times…

Police Officer PTSD: The Mindfulness Treatment Shows Promise

By Dan Fish Police officers are often exposed to more stress and trauma in one shift than some people may experience in a lifetime. Natural disasters, serious accidents, intentional acts of violence, combat exposure, child sexual or physical abuse, terrorist attacks, sexual or physical assault, and betrayal by a trusted friend or provider—all these can cause post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD).…

Reducing the Heat at the Fire Station Kitchen Table

By Chief Sam DiGiovanna There isn’t a place more sacred in a fire station than the kitchen table. The place where we break bread with fellow firefighters, solve the department’s problems, have coffee, tell the best stories and sometimes shed our biggest tears. We watch breaking news here, and armchair quarterback the efforts of neighboring agencies while they fight fire.…

Parolee Did Not Have Expectation of Privacy in Halfway House

By Ken Wallentine United States v. Jackson, 2017 WL 3429837 (8th Cir. 2017) Richard Jackson was convicted of failure to register as a sex offender. After his prison term, he was released to a halfway house under a court order that required him to obey parole and halfway house rules. The halfway house rules barred residents from possessing cell phones…

Letter to the Judge Backfires and is Admissible in Court

By Ken Wallentine United States v. Bauzó-Santiago, 2017 WL 3392672 (1st Cir. 2017) Jaime Bauzó-Santiago wrote a letter to the judge presiding over his trial for illegal possession of a firearm. The letter to the judge stated, “I have a situation with my lawyer ... he has no interest in my case [and] I do not have good communications with…

Death Sentence Overturned Because Defendant Wore Stun Belt in Court

By Ken Wallentine Stephenson v. Neal, 2017 WL 3319296 (7th Cir. 2017) John Stephenson was convicted of killing three people in 1996. Though the trial lasted eight months, the jury only took one day to recommend the death penalty. During the penalty hearing, Stephenson wore an electronic restraint (stun belt) under his clothing. Several jurors later stated they were aware…

Reasonable Suspicion Leads to Questions About Seizure

By Ken Wallentine United States v. Roberson, 864 F.3d 1118 (10th Cir. 2017) New Year’s Eve didn’t end well for Louis Roberson. The evening started auspiciously. Roberson met a blind date in the parking lot of Slick Willie’s Pool Hall, and within a few minutes, he had enticed his date to try marijuana for the first time. She seemed happy…

Utah High Court Upholds Passenger Check for Warrants

By Ken Wallentine State v. Martinez, 2017 WL 3262125 (Utah 2017) George Martinez was a passenger in car stopped for a vehicle registration violation. The officer asked both the driver and Martinez for identification. After discovering the driver had a valid license and no warrants, the officer did a check for warrants on Martinez and found he had an outstanding…

Formal Education in Law Enforcement: Whose Responsibility Is It?

By Jim Concannon Law enforcement is an increasingly complex industry. In what other fields do the practitioners wield power and authority over life or death, freedom or confinement? In other professions where decisions and actions have similar repercussions—medicine or law—the practitioners must not only have advanced college degrees, but also go through years of “in-service” training. But formal education requirements…

Unsung Heroes: Including Non-Sworn Employees in the Peer Support Process

By Shirl Tyner It’s 1702 on a Friday afternoon. Suddenly, the call of “officer down” blares across my police radio. I am several miles away from the incident, having dinner with some officers. We drop everything and run out the door. As a non-sworn employee, I know it’s not my place to respond immediately, but I also know I’ll be…

Police Use of Force Policy: Civil vs. Criminal Liability Considerations

Editor's note: This article originally appeared in The Chief’s Chronicle; New York State Association of Chiefs of Police A successful civil rights case brought under 42 USC § 1983 requires the plaintiff to show a violation of their constitutional rights or a right guaranteed under federal law. Simply showing that an officer violated department policy is insufficient. So, you might ask,…

You Say That Every Year! Overcoming Public Doubts about the Fire Season

This will be the worst fire season ever! As fire officials, we preach this message every year. What do we hear back? “You say that every year!” Well, not every year. But when we say it, we really mean it. Still, it’s easy to understand how the average person starts to tune out these messages. After all, catastrophic fires rarely…

Officers Sued for Withholding Exculpatory Evidence

By Ken Wallentine Alvarez v. City of Brownsville, 860 F.3d 799 (5th Cir. 2017) In many jurisdictions across the nation, prosecutors are taking a more aggressive stance on Brady/Giglio lists. These lists include the names of officers who are deemed tainted in the prosecutors’ opinion. In many cases, prosecutors may refuse to file charges where the listed officers are witnesses.…

Officers' Tactics Not Considered Coercion after a Burglar Rats on His “Victims”

By Ken Wallentine United States v. Spivey, 2017 WL 2782852 (11th Cir. 2017) Caleb Hunt burgled the home of Austin and Spivey. Twice, in fact. He found the takings so good the first time that he returned. Austin and Spivey had their own criminal enterprise involving credit card fraud and they stored the ill-gotten high-end merchandise at their home. Austin…

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Director Daniel Keen
Northampton (PA) Department of Corrections

“It came down to three main factors for us: safety, time and efficiency. This is a way to protect  the staff, public and inmates in the best interest of all.”

Major Jeff Fox
Vigo County (IN) Sheriff's Office

“Lexipol’s Implementation Services program was key to getting our manuals off the shelf. If it weren’t for that, we wouldn’t be implemented today. Departments should recognize their limitations and realize that they likely don’t have the resources to do it on their own. Implementation Services is key to getting it done.”

Chief Deputy Ray Saylo
Carson City (NV) Sheriff's Office

"It’s a huge priority of this administration to teach policy to our sergeants, and Lexipol’s Daily Training Bulletins help us do that. We are constantly drilling into them that policy will protect them as an individual officer. If they ensure that their people are following policy, even if they’re sued, they will be OK.”

Sgt. Bryan Ward
Cumberland County (PA) Sheriff's Office

"Calling Lexipol an insurance policy doesn’t do it justice, because it doesn’t capture the enormous power that partnering with Lexipol provides.”

Chief Deputy Klint Anderson
Weber County (UT) Sheriff's Office

“We spent a considerable amount of money and effort trying to develop and maintain comprehensive and legally based policies and procedures. Lexipol has relieved us of that burden and provided us with a policy system that we have great confidence in and that we can tailor to suit our particular goals and community standards.”

Sheriff Blaine Breshears
Morgan County (UT) Sheriff's Office

“We had a use of force lawsuit, and as soon as the attorneys discovered that we have Lexipol, they said, ‘We won’t have an issue there.’ Our policies were never in question.”

Lt. Craig Capps
White County (TN) Sheriff's Office

"I would recommend Lexipol to any law enforcement agency, whether three-person or 2,000-person—it makes no difference. The program works.”

Chief John Defore
Hiawatha, KS

“By offering 365 daily training bulletins to my officers, I am saving far more than the cost of the software every year. In fact, I was able to show my commissioners a cost savings by utilizing Lexipol for our policy and policy training needs.”

Captain Jeff Schneider
Yakima (WA) Police Department

“KMS tracks and logs when people acknowledge and accept updates, which is very important, and it lets us track who isn’t getting the updates so we can give them the appropriate attention.”

Chief David Maine
The Village of Hunting Valley (OH) Police Department

“What we had before Lexipol had been around for years. It was like every other policy manual I had seen: It didn’t get the updates it needed. The Lexipol manual is a living, breathing document.”

Chief Deputy Lauren Osborne
Surry County (NC) Sheriff’s Office

“If there’s a change as a result of case law, or a procedure that needs to change, Lexipol does the legwork, sends it to us, we approve it and send it out to our people for acknowledgement—and it’s all documented.”

Deputy Chief John McGinty
Simi Valley (CA) Police Department

“You get sued for your policies or you get sued for your actions, or both. You can only do so much about actions. But having Lexipol gives me confidence that if we draw a lawsuit, our policies won’t come under attack.”

Chief Kelly Stillman
Rocky River (OH) Police Department

“I can’t say enough about the positives from a chief’s perspective. I don’t know why everyone isn’t with Lexipol.”

Chief Jeff Wilson
Orofino (ID) Police Department

“The Lexipol Policy Manual is easy to use, it’s convenient and you have peace of mind knowing that you have a thorough manual that is going to stand up to any challenge the agency may face.”

Chief Ralph Maher
Oak Creek (CO) Police Department

“With Lexipol, I know our policy manual is going to be up to date. I can turn my back on it today and tomorrow there will be any needed updates waiting for me. That allows me to focus on some of the other things I have to do as a chief.”

Chief Steven Vaccaro
Mokena (IL) Police Department

“If you compare Lexipol to other policy providers, Lexipol is the only one that has policy that has been vetted by other chiefs, industry experts and lawyers. All you have to do is tailor the policies to your agency’s needs.”

Commander Leslie Burns
Mercer Island (WA) Police Department

“Lexipol provides a huge advantage for agencies pursuing accreditation. The tools take about 60% of the difficulty out of the accreditation process. If you want to be accredited, this is the way to do it.”

Deputy Chief Robin Passwater
Kankakee (IL) Police Department

“If you don’t have Lexipol, even with a full-time person dedicated to policy, there’s almost no way you can keep updated on all the laws and also have the training component. It’s an excellent system.”

Assistant Chief Bill Holmer
Glen Ellyn (IL) Police Department

“It’s a no-brainer for me. Someone is watching for changes to laws for me, and then tweaking the content based on those changes or updates in best practices.”

Lt. Ed Alvarez
Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) (CA) Police Department

“I like the mobile app because it tells me no matter where I am when I have updates to complete or when people take the DTBs. No matter where I am, I have access. The officers can get real-time updates. Everything is at their fingertips, any time.”

Chief Greg Knott
Basalt (CO) Police Department

“Lexipol gives you peace of mind because the policies that you’re implementing have been reviewed by professionals in the field and by attorneys—not just your agency’s legal counsel.”

Chief Corry Blount
Bartonville (TX) Police Department

“I feel comfortable that when we issue a policy, it covers what it needs to cover. It’s the most comprehensive policy content I’ve used in my career.”

Lt. Victor Pecoraro
Auburn (CA) Police Department

“The updates are super easy because you can pop them open, see the redline versions and be able to edit it on the fly. Once I learned I could do that, I was excited.”

Chief Joseph Morris
Arapahoe Community College (CO) Police Department

“Officers are not infallible. We have limited memories like everyone else. Working under stress presents more challenges. There are times we need to access policies in the field so we are comfortable in our decision making. The mobile application has been great for this!”

Captain Jesus Ochoa
Coronado (CA) Police Department

“Knowing that Lexipol is keeping our policies current means that there isn’t something else for us to worry about. We can focus on our jobs. That definitely gives us peace of mind.”

Chief Steven Vaccaro
Mokena (IL) Police Department

“If you compare Lexipol to other policy providers, Lexipol is the only one that has policy that has been vetted by other chiefs, industry experts and lawyers. All you have to do is tailor the policies to your agency’s needs.”

Jim Franklin, Executive Director
Minnesota Sheriffs' Association, MN

"Lexipol is, indeed, ahead of the curve with their unique risk management solutions in law enforcement. The Minnesota Sheriffs' Association has been eagerly anticipating the release of the Lexipol Custody Manual. Lexipol meets the needs of law enforcement and custodial agencies by recognizing the emerging challenges facing our agencies, and providing comprehensive tools and resources to reduce liability and risk in a professional and highly efficient manner. The Minnesota Sheriffs' Association is proud of its continued partnership with Lexipol."

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